Managing Pain with Reflexology

"Nothing begins and nothing ends that is not paid with moan; for we are born in other’s pain and we perish in our own." James Kenneth Stephen


Welcome to t1


Dr Carol Samuel (PhD) FFHT, HMAR, Cert-Ed

2014 FHT – Excellence in Research Award Winner

2017 AoR – Excellence in Research ‘Footsie’ Award Winner


I have been in practice as a complementary therapist and lecturer for 22 years. I am the first person in the world to have achieved a PhD for the scientific evaluation of reflexology in managing pain. My research results showed that reflexology increases pain threshold (the time at which you first feel pain) and significantly increases pain tolerance (your ability to withstand pain).

In order to provide the best possible service to my clients and students I continue to undertake professional development courses in reflexology, body work and in pain management techniques.

I offer a number of different CPD courses to practitioners who are interested in supporting the client in pain and offer talks and presentations nationally and internationally.